Pre-order a copy now at Amazon.Com (or any other bookseller)

Outline: An exciting new popular psychology book looking at the troubling conflict between how our brains have evolved to meet Stone Age demands, and the very different modern problems of the world we now live in. Our brains evolved to solve the survival problems of our Stone Age ancestors, so when faced with modern day situations that are less extreme, they often encounter a mismatch. Our primitive brains put us on the wrong foot by responding to stimuli that - in prehistoric times - would have prompted behaviour that was beneficial. If you've ever felt an anxious fight or flight response to a presenting at a board meeting, equivalent to facing imminent death by sabre-toothed tiger, then you have experienced a mismatch. Mismatch is about the clash between our biology and our culture. It is about the dramatic contrast between the first few million years of human history - when humans lived as hunters and gatherers in small-scale societies - and the past twelve thousand years following the agricultural revolution which have led us to comfortable lives in a very different social structure. Has this rapid transition been good for us? How do we, using our primitive minds, try to survive in a modern information society that radically changes every ten years or so?

Ronald Giphart and Mark van Vugt show that humans have changed their environment so drastically that the chances for mismatch have significantly increased, and these conflicts can have profound consequences. Reviewed through mismatch glasses, social, societal, and technological trends can be better understood, ranging from the popularity of Facebook and internet porn, to the desire for cosmetic surgery, to our attitudes towards refugees. Mismatches can also affect our physical and psychological well-being, in terms of our attitudes to happiness, physical exercise, choosing good leaders, or finding ways to feel better at home or work. Finally, Mismatch gives us an insight into politics and policy which could enable governments, institutions and businesses to create an environment better suited to human nature, its potential and its constraints.This book is about converting mismatches into matches. The better your life is matched to how your mind operates, the greater your chances of leading a happy, healthy and productive life.


How Can Evolutionary Thinking Transform the Workplace? A special issue of This View of Business. Evolution Institute. With contributions from many different specialists, including Nigel Nicholson, Phanish Puranam, Rory Sutherland, John Antonakis.   Co-editos, Mark van Vugt, Max Beilby, David Sloan Wilson. Available for download.

I was a science adviser to a Dutch media campaign from SIRE to gain attention for the educational and behavioral problems of boys in the Netherlands "Laat jij jouw jongen genoeg jongen zijn". This campaign caused quite a stir in the Netherlands and was criticized by gender feminists, blank slate social activitsis,, and other sex difference deniers. A few years ago I wrote a column in de Volkskrant about the different natures of boys and girls.     

I gave a 15 minute lecture to the University of Nederland with the title  "Are women better leaders than men?." It is available on youtube. Only available in Dutch.

Here is the link to a webinar I recently gave about our book Naturally Selected: the Evolutionary Science of Leadership. It is part of the This View of Life book of the month series from the Evolution Institute. You can join TVOL1000 here if you want to know more about how evolutiuoanry science applies to social problems.

Since  February 2017 I am the co-director of the Amsterdam Leadership and Governance Lab of the Vrije Universiteit (with prof. Gerda van Dijk, an organisation ecologist). The LeadershipLab aims to study leadership and group dynamic processes at Boardrooms of public and private organziations. We offer help with self-evaluations and improving boardroompractices, while collecting high quality science data from boards using a combination of interviews, questionaires, expertiments, and neuroscience methods. Any interest in being an external partner, mail me at m.van.vugt(at)

Onlangs ben ik gestart met mijn wetenschapskolumn voor de zaterdageditie van dagblad Trouw. De kolumn heet Hoofdzaak en gaat over de merkwaardige aspecten van het menselijk gedrag bezien door de bril van de psychologie, en in het bijzonder de evolutionaire psychologie.

Our popular science book "Mismatch: How Our Stone Age Brains Deceive Us Daily" will be realeased in the UK and US in early 2018 (LittleBrown is the publisher). Here is the executive summary. The book is a co-product of an evoutionary scientist (Mark van Vugt) with a best-selling novel writer (Ronald Giphart) about the mismatch between our modern environment and the ancestral environment in which humans evolved (and the consequences of this mismatch for our physical and mental wellbeing, e.g., obesity, depression, burnout, stress, divorce, xenophobia, social inequality, CEO pay, etc.).

 Het populair wetenschappelijk boek "Mismatch: Hoe We Dagelijks Worden Misleid Door Ons Oeroude Brein" (Ronald Giphart & Mark van Vugt) is net verschenen, Inzichten uit de evolutionaire psychologie worden op een luchtige manier toegepast op uiteenlopende onderwerpen als de liefde (beinvloedt pilgebruik je partnerkeuze?), opvoeding (voeden we onze kinderen niet te beschermd op?), werk (waarom zijn bonussen geen goed idee?), leiderschap (waarom krijgen we hoofdpijn van onze baas?), media (waarom denken we dat TV persoonlijkheden onze vrienden zijn?), en oorlog (wat verklaart de aantrekkingskracht van IS?). Het boek is verschenen bij Uitgeverij Podium

[The popular science book "Mismatch: How Our Ancestral Mind Deceives Us Daily" was recently released (Ronald Giphart & Mark van Vugt). We apply insights from evolutionary psychology in a lighthearted manner to diverse topics such as love (does the pill affect your partner choice?), education (are we too protective of our children?), work (is handing out a bonus a good idea?), leadership (why do our bosses give us headaches?), media (why do we think TV personalities are our best friends?) and war (what explains the appeal of ISIS to young men and women?). The book is published by Publisher Podium. We are currently looking for international publishers. 

Our latest research (with Hannes Rusch) on war heroes and sexual selection was broadly covered in the international media.

Max Wildschut and I recently wrote an article for Management Team on why many leadership development programs fail. This is part of our monthly column in Management Team, titled "de Natuurlijke Leider."

Here is the chapter on the Evolution of Status and Hierarchy that I wrote with VU colleague Josh Tybur for the Buss' New Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology (including a status evolutionary game model). Comments on this chapter are welcome!

I spent part of the summer of 2014 at the National University of Singapore (NUS) Business school where I developed some fruitful collaborations with colleagues there to study the evolutionary and biological roots of organizational behaviors, including leadership. 

In May 2014 I received the Juda Groen Prize from the Dutch Interdisciplinary Research Association (SIGO) for my evolutionary psychology research. I will spend the award money on research into the Organizational Zoo and Tribal Brain projects at the VU.


We contributed to UNESCO's World Social Science Report (2013) on Changing Global Environments bringing an evolutionary perspective to sustainable behavior change.

I visited the Dutch Parliament to talk about isses regarding sustainability and behavior change.

I am a blogger for the Volkskrant, a national newspaper in the Netherlands, on all sorts of topics around the brain, society and evolution.

I am part of an international, interdisciplinary team of researchers studying Leadership and Hierarchy in Animal and Human Societies. This research team consists of anthropogists, biologists, mathematicians, and (evolutionary) psychologists and convenes at the National Institute for Mathematics and Systems Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

I  gave a talk at the "New Frontiers in Social Neuroscience" conference in Paris (March 2013), organized by the Ipsen Foundation, on "Leadership: An Organizational Neuroscience Perspective." Here is the press release with a summary of this 1 day conference.

Darwin en duurzaamheid. Interview for EOS science magazine about evolutionary psychology and sustainability.

I recently gave a talk for the Cliniclowns on our research, titled "Laughter as painkiller: On the evolution and psychology of laughter and humor" (Lachen als Pijnstiller). The slides (in Dutch) can be found under "lectures/presentations"

Here are the proofs of a chapter, titled "Evolution and Groups" that I wrote together with Tatsuya Kameda for the new 2012 Handbook of Group Processes. We have a paper forthcoming in the Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, titled "The Evolutionary Bases for Sustainable Behavior: Implications for Marketing, Policy and Social Entrepreneurship" (with Vlad Griskevicius and Stephanie Cantu).  It is one of the first attempts to use an evolutionary psychology framework to understand environmental problems and how to foster environmental sustainability.

Call for papers special journal issue of Evolutionary Psychology on "Evolutionary psychology in the modern world: Applications, perspectives and strategies" (guest editors: Craig Roberts, Robin Dunbar, and Mark van Vugt); deadline abstracts 30 November.

Here is a chapter that I co-authored with Michael Price (Brunel) for a new book "Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior" (Arvey & Colarelli) in which we introduce a new  "Service-for-Prestige" hypothesis of leader-follower relations which nicely follows from Evolutionary Leadership Theory. Here is the link to the draft chapter.  Your comments are very welcome!

Presentations on The Evolutionary Science of Leadership and Followership, titled "Selected: Why Some lead, why others follow and why it matters [From Darwin to Obama]) for various outlets such as the Royal Society of Arts, London (September 2010), the School of Biology, University of Amsterdam (December 2010), the Rotman Business School, University of Toronto (February 2011), and the Business School of the National University of Singapore (March, 2011). Here are the presentation slides. 

My inaugural lecture at the VU in February 2011. Here is the PDF of my lecture (in Dutch), titled "De Natuurlijke Selectie van Leiderschap: Van Darwin tot Obama."

Proofs of the chapter, titled "The Nature in Leadership: Evolutionary, Biological, and Social Neuroscience Approaches", for an edited Sage volume on the "Nature of Leadership" (D. Day and J. Antonakis, The nature of Leadership, Sage, 2011); I welcome your feedback.

Blogging on Psychology Today (with Anjana Ahuja). The site gets about 7 million viewers per month. Our blog is titled "Naturally Selected: Understanding the Human Animal in the Work Place." Our new blog is titled "From Savannah to Boardroom: Five Ways to Become a Natural Leader." 

There is a new book chapter coming out on "Evolutionary Perspectives on Group Dynamics" which I co-authored with my esteemed Japanese colleague Tatsuya Kameda in we try to integrate the evolutionary and social psychological literatures on Group Processes.

 Together with Max Wildschut, the author of the book "Darwin for Managers" and a business consultant, we are developing a new Institute for Management and Evolutionary Psychology.

Go To Top